Agreements On Nile River
It points this out because it shows that London does not want to unfairly exploit Cairo in the management of «reserved points», and in particular Sudan. Egypt can be literally called «the river that is Egypt,» which means the country formed by the annual flood of the Mud Nile. In this fertile region, it rarely rains. The Nile is his life. Deprive it of the waters of this river and it would immediately become a desert. Britain therefore considered that this «free discussion and friendly accommodation on both sides», referred to in the declaration of 28 February 1922, required that the issue of irrigation be resolved before the «reserved points» were examined. In the beginning, there were agreements on the East Nile, which originates from the Ethiopian highlands, including the Blue Nile to the Abay River, the Atbarah River and the Gash River. The 2015 agreement between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan — Sudan acting as a mediator — is a significant but predictable change in Cairo`s approach to the Nile — that these colonial agreements are not sustainable. About 85 per cent of the water flowing into the Nile comes from the Ethiopian highlands crossing the Blue Nile; The rest comes from the White Nile. It was simply unrealistic and unsustainable for Egypt to believe that it could continue to prevent Ethiopia from using the water resources of its borders to meet the needs of its people. While it is true that Egyptians depend entirely on Nile waters for all their needs, they must be sensitive to the development needs of upstream riparian countries, particularly because they, particularly Ethiopia, are able to cause considerable damage to the quantity and quality of water flowing into the Nile.
This is why the practical and conciliatory attitude of the Egyptian leaders in their decision to support the Addis Ababa «Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam» (GERDP) project should be welcomed. However, Cairo must go further and sign and ratify the CFA without insisting on amendments to Article 14, point b), in order to guarantee Egypt the rights created by the Agreements on Nile waters. With the CFA, the 11 riparian countries can negotiate in good faith to agree on an all-inclusive allocation formula that is considered fair, fair and reasonable. As Africa is increasingly affected by climate change, the continent`s various groups must agree to cooperate in the development of institutional structures that can improve their ability to live together peacefully and distribute their natural resources, including water, in a fair and sustainable manner. There are also agreements on the use of the White Nile in all its tributaries: Baar al-Jabal (Bergnil), Bahr el-Ghazal (Gazelle), Bahr el-Zaraf (giraffe river) and others. Today we dedicate our article to Ethiopian rivers because of the Renaissance dam project and projects on the Atbarah River, such as the Tekeze Dam. Despite decades of concerted efforts, no comprehensive agreement has ever been reached between the 11 countries sharing the Nile river basin. But after rigorous discussions in the United States, Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan made a joint statement setting out the framework for a final agreement. All three countries agreed that the dam would be gradually filled and only take place during the rainy season.