Detailed commitments of the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) may be recorded through intergovernmental agreements or declarations of cooperation. 1. Streamlining of PSPs: as part of the reform plan, the current 90 or more SPps have been streamlined into five new SPPS supported by new national health agreements; schools; skills; services for persons with disabilities; and affordable housing. Setting agendas for co-stakeholder meetings should link meetings and thus create ongoing accountability for ideas. Transparency of COAG`s discussions, agreements and outcomes – with clearly defined areas of competence – can also increase accountability.  Independently and administratively, the COAG process includes complex agreements based on intergovernmental agreements and implemented by new legislative initiatives and bureaucratic structures.  In many cases, the agreements were a precursor to the enactment of Commonwealth or state and territory laws. The agreements reached at COAG level clearly show that the results are supported by the Heads of Government and that they are more topical and forceful than ministerial reports and communiqués which may not always contain detailed political and/or operational issues. «Commonwealth responsibility» means the performance of obligations under such international instruments and/or the management of applicable Commonwealth law. These tasks may be carried out in cooperation and/or consultation with the other Parties to this Agreement.
1. The Commonwealth and States will endeavour to establish bilateral agreements which, to the extent possible and appropriate, will replace the assessment and authorisation procedure on a case-by-case basis. If an activity or proposal (hereinafter referred to as «the proposal») fall within the scope of a bilateral agreement, the environmental assessment and permitting procedure shall be handled by the State concerned and the Commonwealth in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement. 3. Bilateral agreements provide for the accreditation of state processes by the Commonwealth and, where appropriate, decisions of the state (e.g. B agreed management plans). Bilateral agreements also provide for state accreditation of Commonwealth processes and, where appropriate, Commonwealth decisions. For more information on other intergovernmental agreements, see below. The Commonwealth will ensure that its legislation provides a framework for the recognition and implementation of bilateral agreements. When drawing up such agreements, states will take into account the impact on local government.
Intergovernmental agreements facilitating payments to states and national agreements under the Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations are available on the Council on Federal Financial Relations website. 3.9 Matters dealt with by COAG may arise from Councils of Ministers, international treaties affecting States and Territories, or initiatives taken by one government (including the Commonwealth) that have an impact on other governments or require the cooperation of other governments.  COAG meets if necessary and may intervene by correspondence outside the meeting. The results of the COAG meetings are contained in communiqués to be issued at the end of each meeting. . . .